Gender, Diversity and Inclusion in Sustainability Research and Practice

Shackleton, S., Bezerra, J., Cockburn, J., Reed, M.G. and Abu, R. 2021. (In Press). Interviews. In Biggs, R., de Vos, A., Preiser, R., Clements, H., Maciejewski, K., and Schlüter, M. (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods for Socio-ecological Systems. Routledge. Open access available here.

Walker, H., Reed, M.G., and Fletcher, A.J. 2021. Pathways for inclusive wildfire response and adaptation in northern Saskatchewan. In: G. Magnusdottir and A. Kronsell (Eds.), Gender, Intersectionality and Climate Institutions in Industrialised States. Routledge.

Walker, H. and Reed, M.G. 2021. Assessing the intersections of sex, gender, and other identity factors in the new Canadian Impact Assessment Act. In Doell, M. and Sinclair, J. (eds.) The New Canadian Impact Assessment Act (IAA). Irwin Law - Toronto.

Clermont, H.J.K., Dale, A., King. L., and Reed, M.G. 2021. The Role of Scientific Evidence in Canada's West Coast Energy Conflicts. Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship. 13(3): 5.

Reed, M.G. and Lidestav, G. 2021. (accepted). Gender and the imaginary of forestry in boreal regions of Canada and Sweden: Asking fundamental questions. In: M.M. Girona, H. Morin, S. Gauthier, and Y. Bergeron. Forestry in the Face of Climate Change. Series: Advances in Global Change Research. Springer.  

Steelman, T., Bogdan, A.M. Mantyka-Pringle, C., Bradford, L., Reed, M.G., Baines, S., Fresque-Baxter, J. Jardine, T., Shantz, S., Abu, R., Staples, K., Andrews, E., Bharadwaj, L., Strickert, G., Jones, P., Lindenschmidt, K., Poelzer, G., and the Delta Dialogue Network. 2021. Evaluating Transdisciplinary Research Practices: Insights from Social Network Analysis. Sustainability Science. 16, 631-645.

Brock, T., Reed, M.G., and Stewart, K. 2021. Indigenous Community Participation in Resource Development Decision-making: Practitioner Perspectives of Legal and Voluntary Arrangements. Journal of Environmental Management. Journal of Environmental Management. 283 (April 2021):

Reed, M.G., Robson, J.P., Lindgren, A., Friedrichsen, P., Brock, T., Davidson-Hunt, I., Lichtenstein, G., Shackleton, S., Vasseur, L., and Worthen, H. 2020. Foundational principles for intercultural research with Indigenous and rural peoples: Connecting principles to knowledge mobilization. In: Imagining the Future of Knowledge Mobilization:Perspectives from UNESCO Chairs (Chapter 2, pp. 31-50). Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada / Canadian Commission for UNESCO. Ottawa: Canada.

Sauchyn, D., Davidson, D., and Johnston, M. (lead authors); Flannigan, M., Fletcher, A., Isaac, K., Kulshreshta, S., Kowalczyk, T., Mauro, I., Pittman, J., Reed, M. Schneider, R., Van Ham, M., and Wheaton, E. (contributing authors). 2020. The Prairie Provinces. In Natural Resources Canada. Canada in a Changing Climate: Advancing our Knowledge for Action. Ottawa: Natural Resources Canada.

Walker, H.M., Reed, M.G., and Fletcher, A.J. 2020. Applying intersectionality to climate hazards: A Theoretically informed study of wildfire in northern Saskatchewan. Climate Policy. 21(2): 171-185.

Walker, H.M., Reed, M.G., and Fletcher, A.J. 2020. Wildfire in the news media: An intersectional critical frame analysis. Geoforum. 114:128-137. 

Bullock, R., Zurba, M., and Reed, M.G. and McCarthy, D. 2020. Strategic Options for More Effective Indigenous Participation in Collaborative Environmental Governance. Journal of Planning Education and Research.

Steelman, T. A., Andrews, E., Baines, S., Bharadwaj, L., Bjornson, E. R., Bradford, L., ... & MacColl, I. (2019). Identifying transformational space for transdisciplinarity: using art to access the hidden third. Sustainability science14(3), 771-790.

Clermont, H.J.K., Dale, A., King. L. and Reed, M.G. 2018. Appreciating Values Diversity in Environment versus Economy Conflicts. The Solutions Journal. 9(4): (

Reed, M.G. and George, C. 2017. Just conservation: The evolving relationship between society and protected areas. In Holifield, R., Chakraborty, J. and Walker, G. (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Environmental Justice. London: Routledge.

Rokoya, P. Sheikholeslami1, R., Kurkute, S., Nazarbakhsh, M., Zhang, F., and Reed, M.G. 2017. Multiple Factors that Shaped Sustainability Science Journal: A 10-year Review. Sustainability Science Journal. 12:855–868.

Buchanan, A., Reed, M.G., and Lidestav, G. 2016. “What’s counted as a reindeer herder?” Gender and the adaptive capacity of Sami reindeer herding communities in Sweden. Ambio. 45 (Suppl. 3): S352-S362 (invited for special issue “Gender perspectives in resilience, vulnerability and adaptation to global environmental change”).

Iniesta-Arandia, I., Ravera, F., Buechler, S., Díaz-Revirego, Fernández-Giménez, M., Reed, M.G., Thompson-Hall, M., Wilmer, H., Aregu, L., Cohen, P., Dioudi,, H., Lawless, S., Martín-López, B., Smucker, T., Vollamor, G.B. and E.E. Wangui, 2016. A synthesis of convergent reflections, tensions and silences in linking gender and global environmental change research. Ambio 45(Suppl. 3):S383–S393.

Diduck, A., Reed, M.G., and George, C. 2015. Participatory approaches to resource and environmental management. In Mitchell, B. (ed.) Resource and Environmental Management in Canada. 5th Edition. Don Mills: Oxford University Press. Pp. 142-170.

Practices of Governance

Models of Forest Governance

Lindgren, A.Y., Reed, M.G. & Robson, J.P. Process Makes Perfect: Perceptions of Effectiveness in Collaborative Environmental Governance. Environmental Management 67, 228–241 (2021).

Egunyu, F., Reed, M.G., Sinclair, A.J., Parkins, J.R. and Robson, J.P. 2020. Public engagement in forest governance in Canada: Whose values are being represented anyway? Canadian Journal of Forest Research.

Boakye-Danquah, J., Reed, M.G., 2019. The participation of non-industrial private forest owners in forest certification programs: the role and effectiveness of intermediary organisations. Forest Policy and Economics. 100: 154-163.

Bullock, R. and Reed, M.G. 2019. Local impacts of federal forest policy changes on Canadian Model Forests: an institutional capacity perspective. Environmental Policy and Governance.

Nenko, A., Parkins, J. R., Reed, M. G., & Sinclair, A. J. (2019). Rethinking Effective Public Engagement in Sustainable Forest Governance. Society & Natural Resources32(12), 1383-1398.

Nenko, A., Parkins, J. R., & Reed, M. G. (2019). Indigenous experiences with public advisory committees in Canadian forest management. Canadian Journal of Forest Research49(4), 331-338.

Boakye-Danquah, J., Reed, M.G., Robson, J. and Sato, T. 2018. A problem of social fit? Assessing the role of bridging organizations in the recoupling of socio-ecological systems. Journal of Environmental Management. 223: 338-347.

Egunyu, F. and Reed, M.G. 2017. Harrop-Procter Community Forest: Learning how to manage forestry resources at the community level. In Bullock, R., Broad, G., Palmer, L., and Smith, P. (eds.) Growing Community Forests: Practice, Research, and Advocacy in Canada. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press.

Reed, M.G. 2017. Understanding the gendered labours of adaptation to climate change in forest-based communities through different models of analysis. In Cohen, M. (ed.). Gender and Climate Change in Rich Countries: Work, Public Policy and Action. London: Routledge. 199-214.

Reed, M.G., 2017. Marginality and Gender at Work in Forestry Communities of British Columbia, Canada, In Colfer, C.J.P., Elias, M., Basnett, B.S., and Hummel, S.S. (eds.) The Earthscan Reader on Gender and Forests. London and New York: Routledge. 307-336. (This was a reprint of an article originally published in 2003.)

Bullock, R., Jastremski, K. and Reed, M.G. 2017. Canada’s Model Forests 20 Years On: Pursuing Forest and Community Sustainability. Natural Resources Forum. 41: 156-166

Assuah, A., Sinclair, A.J. and Reed, M.G. 2016. Action on sustainable forest management through community forestry: The case of the Wetzin’kwa Community Forest Corporation. Forestry Chronicle. 92: 232-244.

Bullock, R. and Reed, M.G. 2016. Towards an integrated system of communities and forests in Canada. In Teitelbaum, S. (ed.) Community Forestry in Canada: Lessons from Policy and Practice. Vancouver: UBC Press. Pp. 347-367.

Egunyu, F., Reed, M.G., and Sinclair, A.J. 2016. Learning through new approaches for forest governance: Evidence from Harrop-Procter Community Forest, Canada. Environmental Management. 57: 784-797. DOI 10.1007/s00267-015-0652-4.

Parkins, J.R. Dunn, M. Reed, M.G. and Sinclair, A.J. 2016. Forest governance as neoliberal strategy: A comparative case study of the Model Forest Program in Canada. Journal of Rural Studies. 45: 270-278.

Parkins, J., Bullock, R., Noble, B., and Reed, M.G. 2016. Forests and communities on the fringe: An overview of community forestry in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. In Teitelbaum, S. (ed.) Community Forestry in Canada: Lessons from Policy and Practice. Vancouver: UBC Press. Pp. 136-154.

Egunyu, F., and Reed, M.G. 2015. Social learning by whom?: Assessing gendered opportunities for participation and social learning in collaborative forest governance. Ecology and Society. 20(4):44. 

Biosphere Reserves

Barraclough, A.D., Reed, M.G., Måren, I.E., Price, M.F., Moreira-Muñoz, A. and Coetzer, K. 2021. Recognize the 727 UNESCO Biosphere Reserves for COP15. Nature, 598, 14 October 2021. p. 257. Correspondence.

Reed, M.G. 2021. Biosphere Reserves. In Ray C. Anderson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability. 2nd Edition. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire Publishing.

Reed, M.G. 2020. ‘Conceptual Origins and First-Generation Biosphere Reserves’ Pp. 13-28 in Reed, M.G. and Price, M.F., (eds.) UNESCO Biosphere Reserves: Supporting Biocultural Diversity, Sustainability and Society. Earthscan/Routledge.

Shaw, P., Shore, M., Haine-Bennett, E. and Reed, M.G. 2020. Perspectives on Growth and Change in Canada's 18 UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Pp 76-88 in: Reed, M.G. and Price, M.F., (eds.) UNESCO Biosphere Reserves: Supporting Biocultural Diversity, Sustainability and Society. Earthscan/Routledge. (shared collaboration).

Reed, M.G.  and Price, M.F. 2020. ‘Introducing UNESCO Biosphere Reserves’ pp. 1-10 in Reed, M.G. and Price, M.F., (eds.) UNESCO Biosphere Reserves: Supporting Biocultural Diversity, Sustainability and Society. Earthscan/Routledge.

Reed, M.G., and Price, M.F. 2020. (eds.) UNESCO Biosphere Reserves: Supporting Biocultural Diversity, Sustainability and Society. Earthscan/Routledge.

Reed, M.G., and Price, M.F. 2020. Unfinished Business: The Present and Future Contributions of Biosphere Reserves to Sustainability Science. Pp. 321-332 in: Reed, M.G. and Price, M.F., (eds.) UNESCO Biosphere Reserves: Supporting Biocultural Diversity, Sustainability and Society. Earthscan/Routledge.

Reed, M.G. 2019. The Contributions of UNESCO Man and Biosphere Program and Biosphere Reserves to the Practice of Sustainability Science. Sustainability Science. 14: 809-821.

Reed, M.G., and Abernethy, P. 2019. Social Learning Mobilized by Collaboration in the Canadian network of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Pp 169-187 in: Sato, T., and Chabay, I.  (eds.) Transformations of Social-Ecological Systems: Studies in co-creating integrated knowledge toward sustainable futures. Springer: Japan. (also available in Japanese from University of Tokyo Press). [Note: Japanese edition was published first. See below]. 169-187.

Reed, M.G. and Abernethy, P. 2018. Facilitating Co-Production of Transdisciplinary Knowledge for Sustainability: Working with Canadian Biosphere Reserve Practitioners, Society & Natural Resources, 31:1, 39-56.

Reed, M.G. and George, C. 2017. Just conservation: The evolving relationship between society and protected areas. In Holifield, R., Chakraborty, J. and Walker, G. Routledge Handbook of Environmental Justice. London: Routledge.

George, C. and Reed, M. 2016. Building institutional capacity for environmental governance through social entrepreneurship: lessons from Canadian biosphere reserves. Ecology and Society, 21(1). 

Reed, M.G., 2016. Conservation (In) Action: Renewing the Relevance of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Conservation Letters.

Reed, M.G., Godmaire, H., Guertin, M.A., Potvin, D. and Abernethy, P. 2015. Engaged Scholarship: Reflections from a multi-talented, national partnership seeking to strengthen capacity for sustainability. Engaged Scholar Journal. 1: 167-183. 

Resilience for Social and Environmental Sustainability

Haque, C.E., Berkes, F., Fernandez-Llamazares, A., Ross, H., Chapin II, F.S., Deberstein, B., Reed, M.G., Agrawal, N., Nayak, P.K., Etkin, D., Dore, M., Hutton, D. 2021. Social learning for enhancing social-ecological resilience to disaster-shocks: a policy Delphi approach. Disaster Prevention and Management. DOI:

Clermont, H.J.K., Dale, A., Reed, M.G. and King, L. 2019. Sense of Place as a Source of Tension in Canada’s West Coast Energy Conflicts. Coastal Management. 47(2): 189-206.

Andrews, E.J., Staples, K., Reed, M.G., Carriere, R., MacColl, I., McKay-Carriere, L., Fresque-Baxter, J., and Steelman, T.A. 2019. Insights for Building Community Resilience from Prioritizing Youth in Environmental Change Research. Sustainability. 11, 4916:

Abu, R., Reed, M. G., & Jardine, T. D. (2019). Using two-eyed seeing to bridge Western science and Indigenous knowledge systems and understand long-term change in the Saskatchewan River Delta, Canada. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 1-20.

Walker, H., Culham, A., Fletcher, A., and Reed, M.G. 2019. Social dimensions of climate hazards in rural communities of the global North: An intersectionality framework. Journal of Rural Studies.

Reed, M.G. and Wilson, S.J. 2018. Management Options for Dealing with Changing Forest-water Relations; 121-147 in Creed, I.F. and van Noordwijk, M. (eds.), 2018. Forest and Water on a Changing Planet: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Governance Opportunities. A Global Assessment Report. IUFRO World Series Volume 38.Vienna. 192 p.

Spence, C., Wolfe, J. D., Whitfield, C. J., Baulch, H. M., Basu, N. B., Bedard-Haughn, A. K., ... & Liber, K. (2019). Prairie water: a global water futures project to enhance the resilience of prairie communities through sustainable water management. Canadian Water Resources Journal/Revue canadienne des ressources hydriques44(2), 115-126.

Das, A., Reed, M.G. and Lindenschmidt K-E. 2018. Sustainable Ice-jam Flood Management for Socio-economic and Socio-ecological Systems. Water. 10, 135-145.

Andrews, E. J., Reed, M. G., Jardine, T. D., & Steelman, T. A. (2018). Damming knowledge flows: POWER as a constraint on knowledge pluralism in river flow decision-making in the Saskatchewan River Delta. Society & Natural Resources31(8), 892-907.

 Kricsfalusy, V., George, C., & Reed, M. G. (2018). Integrating problem-and project-based learning opportunities: Assessing outcomes of a field course in environment and sustainability. Environmental education research24(4), 593-610.

Strickert, G., Chun, K. Bradford, L., Clark, D. Gober, P., Reed, M.G. and Payton, B. 2016. Unpacking viewpoints on water security: Lessons from the South Saskatchewan River Basin. Water Policy. 18 (1): 50-72.

Government and community reports

Wyatt, S., Reed, M.G., Feng, X., Boakye-Danquah, J., and Smith, P. 2021. Evidence on Diversity in Canada’s Forest Sector. Report to the National Steering Committee on Gender Equity in Forestry. May 2021. Available upon request.

Cooper, K. and Reed, M.G., 2021. Canada: Addressing Systemic Gender, Diversity & Inclusion Issues in the Forest Sector. Case study report for the IUFRO Task Force: Gender Equality in Forestry. April 2021. Available upon request.

M.G. Reed, J.P. Robson, A. Fletcher, J. Boakye-Danquah, and S. Kumar. 2021. Strengthening environment and climate change’s capacity and knowledge of GBA+ issues in nature and biodiversity: A high-level road map. Report prepared for and submitted to Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Federal Government of Canada. Available upon request.

Boakye-Danquah, J., Fletcher, A., and Reed, M.G. 2020. Planning for Future Floods in Maple Creek, Learning from Community Participants through Participatory Geographic Information Systems. Policy Brief. Available upon request.

Jardine, T., Maccoll, I., McKay-Carriere, L., Steelman, T., Massie, M., Reed, M.G., Abu, R., Strickert, G., Carriere, R., Carriere, S., 2020. (In Press). Healthy Delta, Healthy People: The past, present and future of the Saskatchewan River Delta. In Wantzen, K.M. (ed) River Cultures: Life as a Dance to the Rhythm of the Water. Paris: UNESCO and the Wuhan Museum of Great River Civilisations.

Reed, M.G. 2020. Sharing in Governance for Sustainability: Experiences of Indigenous Peoples and Canadian Biosphere Reserves. [Guest statement], pp. 175-176 In P. Dearden, B. Mitchell and E. O'Connell, Environmental Change and Challenge, (6th ed.) Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press.

Walker, H., Reed, M.G., and Thiessen, B. 2019. Gender and Diversity Analysis for Impact Assessment. Report to Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency. Available from Maureen Reed or CEAA. February 2019. (disponible en Français aussi) 37 pp.

Abu R., Reed, M.G. 2018. Adaptation through bricolage: Indigenous responses to long-term social-ecological change in the Saskatchewan River Delta. Canadian Geographer. 62(4): 437-451.

Bradford, L., Walker, H., Fletcher, A., and Reed, M.G. 2018. Scoping Review of GBA+ Implementation and Practices in Six Priority Areas for Environment and Climate Change Canada. Report to Environment and Climate Change Canada. Available from Maureen Reed. December 2018. 23 pp.

Betancur , B. 2019.  Inside the Rez Cross: an assessment of hosting evacuees during a wildfire disaster in Beardy’s & Okemasis First Nation. Thesis summary sumitted to community partner. Available here

Boakye-Danquah, J. 2019. Governing small-scale forests sustainably: the role of the eastern Ontario Model Forest. A report presented to the eastern Ontario Model Forest Organization. Avalable here 

Boakye-Danquah, J. 2019. Achieving collaborative forest management in Kyoto through the Kyoto Model Forest Association. A report presented to the Kyoto Model Forest Association. Avalable here

George, C. and Reed, M.G. 2016. Revealing inadvertent elitism in stakeholder models of environmental governance: Assessing procedural justice in sustainability organizations. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 60: 158-177. DOI:10.1080/09640568.2016.1146576.

George, C. and Reed, M.G. 2015. Operationalising just sustainability: Towards a model for place-based governance. Local Environment. 22(9): 1105-1123. DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2015.1101059.


Recent Theses completed

Walker, H. 2021. PhD Thesis. Building Inclusive Responses to Climate Hazards: An Intersectional Analysis of Wildfire in Northern Saskatchewan  

Lindgren, A. 2019. MES Thesis. Exploring the Effectiveness of Canadian Forest Advisory Committees for Advancing Sustainability. Received Mowat Award from SENS for outstanding contribution to the field of environment and sustainability.

Balkhi, L. 2019. MSEM Project. Moving Towards Meaningful Engagement of Indigenous Peoples in Governance of UNESCO Global Geoparks. 

Glofcheskie, M. 2019. MSEM Project. Using Landowners’ Perspectives towards rare species to inform conservation management in the Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve. Received the Mowat Award from SENS for outstanding contribution to the field of environment and sustainability.  

Brock, T. 2019. Characterizing Good-Practice Engagement Between Resource Developers and Indigenous Communities in Northern Saskatchewan. Received Mowat Award from SENS for outstanding contribution to the field of environment and sustainability.

Betancur, S. 2019. Inside the Rez Cross: An Assessment of Hosting Evacuees During a Wildfire Disaster in Beardy’s and Okemasis First Nation

Boakye-Danquah, J. 2018. The Contributions of Model Forest Organizations to Sustainable Forest Management of Small-scale Forests: Lessons from Eastern Ontario and Kyoto Model Forests. Received Mowat Award from SENS for outstanding contribution to the field of environment and sustainability.

Khanal, B. 2018. MES. Raising Voices, Broadening Interests: A Longitudinal Examination of Gender and Diversity in Canadian Forest Sector Public Advisory Committees

Abu, R. 2017. PhD. Knowledge, Use, and Change in the Saskatchewan River Delta:  Assessing the Changing Livelihoods of Cumberland House Métis and Cree Nation. Received Mowat Award from SENS for outstanding contribution to the field of environment and sustainability.

Matzke, C. 2017. MSEM Project. Effectiveness of Collaborative Planning and Strategy Building in Canadian Biosphere Reserves