Weathered tailings at the former Western Nuclear mine, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Physical, chemical, and biological responses to disequilibrium conditions determine long-term environmental impacts of mining operations. Integrated understanding these collective responses is essential for assessing, managing, and mitigating impacts on water chemistry. Our research under this theme investigates the geochemical co-evolution of mine wastes and associated waters within active, reclaimed, and abandoned mining landscapes. We examine mass-transfer reactions and mass-transfer processes and their collective influence on release, transport, and attenuation of metal(loid)s and other dissolved constituents within these landscapes. Our collaborations with the private sector, government agencies, and non-governmental organizations help ensure our research results support decision making.
Current Trainees
Postdoctoral Fellows: Dr. Valerie Schoepfer
Doctoral Students: Phlilip Adene, Sanaz Hasani, Eduardo Marquez
Master's Students: Yuanyi Wang, Emily Champion, Josh Paulsen, Drake Meili, Jake Marchi, Julia MacGillivray, Stuart Ferry
Bachelor's Students: Scott Churchill
Recent Publications (group members bolded)
Lum, J.E. Schoepfer, V.A. , Jamieson, H.E., McBeth, J.M., Borcinova Radkova, A., Walls, M.P. &  Lindsay, M.B.J.  (2023). Arsenic and antimony geochemistry of historical roaster waste from the  Giant Mine, Yellowknife, Canada.  Journal of Hazardous Materials, 458: 132037.
Abdolahnezhad, M. & Lindsay, M.B.J. (2022) Geochemical conditions influence vanadium, nickel, and molybdenum release from oil sands fluid petroleum coke. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 245: 103955.
Francis, D.J., Barbour, S.L. & Lindsay, M.B.J. (2022) Ebullition enhances chemical mass transport across the tailings-water interface of oil sands pit lakes. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 245: 103938.
Craig, A.T., Shkarupin, A., Amos, R.T., Lindsay, M.B.J., Blowes, D.W. & Ptacek, C.J. (2021). Reactive transport modelling of porewater geochemistry and sulfur isotope fractionation in organic carbon amended mine tailings.  Applied Geochemistry, 127: 104904.
Lindsay, M.B.J.Vessey, C.J. &  Robertson, J.M. (2019). Mineralogy and geochemistry of oil sands froth treatment tailings: Implications for acid generation and metal(loid) release.  Applied Geochemistry, 102: 186–196.
Funding, Support, and Partnerships
NSERC Industrial Research Chairs program (Grant No. IRCPJ 463568-18); NSERC Alliance Grants program (Grant No. ALLRP 560243-20); Canadian Light Source (Peer-Reviewed Proposal Access); Giant Mine Oversight Board; Syncrude Canada Ltd.; Suncor Energy Inc.; Orano Canada Inc.
Mixing zone in Engineer's Creek along Dempster Highway, Yukon, Canada.
Minerals influence the biogeochemical cycling of various redox-sensitive elements and are important controls on metal(loid) mobility and bioavailability in soils, sediments, and aquifers. Various (oxyhydr)oxide, (hydroxy)sulfate, and sulfide minerals, among others, contribute to metal(loid) release or attenuation under different environmental conditions. Our research explores impacts of changing environmental conditions (e.g., pH, redox, temperature) on metal-mineral interactions, emphasizing metal(loid) repartitioning during mineral transformation reactions and electron transfer reactions at mineral surfaces. We examine reaction mechanisms, pathways, and rates using combined experimental, analytical, and numerical approaches to improve understanding of metal-mineral interactions under dynamic environmental conditions.
Current Trainees
Postdoctoral Fellows: Dr. Valerie Schoepfer, Dr. Ardalan Hayatifar
Bachelor's Students: Simon Friesen
Recent Publications (group members bolded)
Schoepfer, V.A. & Lindsay, M.B.J. (2022). Repartitioning of co-precipitated Mo(VI) during Fe(II) and S(-II) driven ferrihydrite transformation. Chemical Geology, 610: 121075.
Schoepfer, V.A., Lum, J.E., & Lindsay, M.B.J. (2021). Molybdenum(VI) sequestration mechanisms during iron(II)-induced ferrihydrite transformation. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry, 5: 2094–2104.
Schoepfer, V.A., Qin, K., Robertson, J.M., Das, S., & Lindsay, M.B.J. (2020). Structural incorporation of sorbed molybdate during iron(II)-induced transformation of ferrihydrite and goethite under advective flow conditions. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry, 4: 1114–1126.
Vessey, C.J., Schmidt, M.P., Abdolahnezhad, M., Peak, D., & Lindsay, M.B.J. (2020). Adsorption of (poly)vanadate onto ferrihydrite and hematite: An in situ ATR–FTIR study. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry, 4: 641–649.
Vessey, C.J. & Lindsay, M.B.J. (2020). Aqueous vanadate removal by iron(II)-bearing phases under anoxic conditions. Environmental Science and Technology, 54: 4007–4015.
Funding, Support, and Partnerships
NSERC Discovery Grants program (Grant No. RGPIN 2020-05172); NSERC Industrial Research Chairs program (Grant No. IRCPJ 463568-18); Canadian Light Source (Peer-Reviewed Proposal Access).
Groundwater discharge zone along Engineer's Creek on Dempster Highway, Yukon, Canada.
Groundwater systems supply more than one-third of drinking water and nearly one-half of agricultural irrigation water globally. Increasing competition for finite groundwater resources will exacerbate existing challenges associated with unsustainable extraction, climate change, and both anthropogenic and geogenic contamination. Our research examines relationships between mass-transfer reactions and mass-transport processes to determine controls on the hydrogeochemical evolution of both deep and shallow groundwater systems. We have recently focused our research efforts on changing groundwater geochemistry in thawing permafrost regions. Our collaborations with academic partners, government agencies, private companies, and first nations are helping ensure this research informs groundwater protection and management.
Current Trainees
Postdoctoral Fellows: Dr. Elliott Skierszkan
Master's Students: Matt Fellwock
Bachelor's Students: Ariel Panozo Cabrera
Recent Publications (group members bolded)
Skierszkan, E.K., Carey, S.K., Jackson, S.I., Fellwock, M.D., Fraser, C., & Lindsay, M.B.J. (2024). Seasonal controls on stream metal(loid) signatures in discontinuous permafrost. Science of the Total Environment, 908: 167999.
Mowat, A.C., Francis, D.J., McIntosh, J.C., Lindsay, M.B.J., & Ferguson, G.A.G. (2021). Variability in timing and transport of Pleistocene meltwater recharge to regional aquifers. Geophysical Research Letters, 41: e2021GL094285.
Skierszkan, E.K., Robertson, J.M., Lindsay, M.B.J., Stockwell, J.S., Dockrey, J.W., Das, S., Weis, D., Beckie, R.D., & Mayer, K.U. (2019). Tracing molybdenum attenuation in mining environments using molybdenum stable isotopes. Environmental Science and Technology, 53: 5678–5686.
Vessey, C.J., Lindsay, M.B.J., & Barbour, S.L. (2019). Sodium transport and attenuation in soil cover materials for oil sands mine reclamation. Applied Geochemistry, 100: 42–54.
Funding, Support, and Partnerships
NSERC Discovery Grants program (Grant No. RGPIN-2020-05172); CFREF Global Water Futures Program; NRC Arctic and Northern Challenge Program; Canadian Light Source (Peer-Reviewed Proposal Access).