Representative Publications

Please email me at ron.borowsky{at]usask.ca if you would like a pdf copy of any of these publications:

  • Neudorf, J., Kress, S. & Borowsky, R. (accepted). Comparing models of information transfer in the structural brain network and their relationship to functional connectivity: Diffusion versus shortest path routing.  Brain Structure & Function.
  • Kress, S., Neudorf, J., Borowsky, B. & Borowsky, R. (accepted). What’s in a game: Video game visual-spatial demand location exhibits a double dissociation with reading speed.  Acta Psychologica.
  • Neudorf, J., Gould, L., Mickleborough, M., Ekstrand, C. & Borowsky, R. (2022). Unique, shared, and dominant brain activation in Visual Word Form Area and Lateral Occipital Complex during reading and picture naming. Neuroscience, 481:178-196.  doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2021.11.022
  • Andrushko, J.W., Gould, L., Renshaw, D.W., Forrester, S., Kelly, M.E., Linassi, G.,  Mickleborough, M., Oates, A., Hunter, G., Borowsky, R. & Farthing, J.P. (2022). Ipsilesional motor cortex activation with high-force unimanual handgrip contractions of the less-affected limb in participants with stroke. Neuroscience, 483:82-94. 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2021.12.011.
  • Neudorf, J., Kress, S. & Borowsky, R. (2021).  Structure can predict function in the human brain: A graph neural network deep learning model of functional connectivity and centrality based on structural connectivity.  Brain Structure & Function. doi.org/10.1007/s00429-021-02403-8
  • Kress, S., Neudorf, J., Ekstrand, C. & Borowsky, R. (2021).  Unmasking the Effects of Orthography, Semantics, and Phonology on 2AFC Visual Word Perceptual Identification.  Visual Cognition. doi.org/10.1080/13506285.2021.1989099  
  • Gould, L., Kress, S., Neudorf, J., Gibb, K., Persad, A., Meguro, K., Norton, J. & Borowsky, R. (2021). An fMRI, DTI and Intraoperative Monitoring Examination of Atypical Organization of Motor Cortex in Ipsilesional Hemisphere Following Post-Stroke Motor Recovery. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases. doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.105593
  • Andrushko, J.W., Gould, L., Renshaw, D.W., Ekstrand, C., Hortobágyi, T., Borowsky, R. & Farthing, J.P. (2021). High force unimanual handgrip contractions increase ipsilateral sensorimotor activation and functional connectivity.  Neuroscience, 452, 111-125. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2020.10.031
  • Neudorf, J., Kress, S., Gould, L., Gibb, K., Mickleborough, M. & Borowsky, R. (2020). Language lateralization differences between left and right temporal lobe epilepsy as measured by overt word reading fMRI activation and DTI structural connectivity. Epilepsy & Behavior. doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107467
  • Ekstrand, C., Neudorf, J., Kress, S. & Borowsky, R. (2020).  Structural connectivity predicts functional activation during lexical and sublexical reading.  NeuroImage. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117008
  • Neudorf, J., Ekstrand, C., Kress, S. & Borowsky, R. (2020).  Brain structural connectivity predicts brain functional complexity: DTI derived centrality accounts for variance in fractal properties of fMRI signal.  Neuroscience, 438: 1-8. (lead article)  doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2020.04.048
  • Gould, L., Wu, A., Tellez, J., Neudorf, J., Kress, S., Gibb, K., Ekstrand, C., Dabirzadeh, H., Ahmed, S., & Borowsky, R. (2020).  Atypical language localization in right temporal lobe epilepsy.  Epilepsy and Behavior Reports. doi.org/10.1016/j.ebr.2020.100364
  • Hernandez, L., Mahabad, H., Moien, F., Wu, A., Auer, R., Zherebitskiy, V., Borowsky, R., Mickleborough, M., Huntsman, R., Vrbancic, M., Cayabyab, F., Taghibiglou, C., Carter, A., Tellez, J. (2020). The Concept of an Epilepsy Brain Bank. Frontiers in Neurology: Epilepsy. doi:10.3389/fneur.2020.00833
  • Neudorf, J., Ekstrand, C., Kress, S., & Borowsky, R. (2019). FMRI of shared-stream priming of lexical identification by object semantics along the ventral visual processing stream. Neuropsychologia, doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.107185
  • Ekstrand, C., Neudorf, J., Kress, S., & Borowsky, R. (2019). How words and space collide: Lexical and sublexical reading are reliant on separable reflexive and voluntary attention regions in hybrid tasks. Cortex, 121, 104-116. DOI:10.1016/j.cortex.2019.08.006
  • Neudorf, J., Ekstrand, C., Kress, S., Neufeldt, A., & Borowsky, R. (2019). Interactions of reading and semantics along the ventral visual processing stream. Visual Cognition27:1, 21-37. DOI: 10.1080/13506285.2019.1577319.
  • Ekstrand, C., Neudorf, J., Gould, L., Mickleborough, M., & Borowsky, R. (2019). Where words and space collide: The overlapping neural activation of lexical and sublexical reading with voluntary and reflexive spatial attention. Brain Research, 1706:1-12 (lead article). DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2018.10.022.
  • Gould, L., Ekstrand, C., Fourney, D., Mickleborough, M., Ellchuk, T., & Borowsky, R. (2018)The Effect of Tumour Neovasculature on fMRI BOLD Activation. World Neurosurgery, 115, 373-383. 
  • Gould, L., Mickleborough,M.J.S, Lorentz, E., Ekstrand, C., & Borowsky, R. (2018). A Behavioral and fMRI Examination of the Effect of Rhythm on Reading Noun-Verb Homographs Aloud. Language, Cognition & Neuroscience, 33, 829-849.
  • Gould, L., Kelly, M., Mickleborough, M., Ekstrand, C., Brymer, K., Ellchuk, T., & Borowsky, R. (2017). Reorganized Neural Activation in Motor Cortex Following Subdural Fluid Collection: An fMRI and DTI Study. NeuroCase, 23, 292-303.
  • Ekstrand, C., Neudorf, J., Lorentz, E., Gould, L., Mickleborough, M., & Borowsky, R. (2017). More than a feeling: The bidirectional convergence of semantic visual object and somatosensory processing. Acta Psychologica, 181, 1-9 (lead article).
  • Wingerak, S., Neudorf, J., Gould, L., & Borowsky, R. (2017). On the Dissociation Between Reaction Time and Response Duration as a Function of Lexical and Sublexical Reading: An Examination of Phonetic Decoding and Computational Models. Visual Cognition, 25, 913-927.
  • Gould, L., Mickleborough, M., Ekstrand, C., Lorentz, E. & Borowsky, R. (2017). Examining the Neuroanatomical and the Behavioral Basis of the Effect of Basic Rhythm on Reading Aloud. Language, Cognition & Neuroscience, 32, 724-742.
  • Ekstrand, C., Gould, L., Mickleborough, M., Lorentz, E. & Borowsky, R. (2016). When words and space collide: Spatial attention interacts with lexical access during word recognition. Visual Cognition, 24, 284-291.
  • Ekstrand, C. & Borowsky, R. (2016). Review of the book New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons Research (Eds: P.F. Ferrari & G. Rizzolatti, Oxford University Press). British Journal of Psychology, 107, 593-594.
  • Lorentz, E., Ekstrand, C., Gould, L. & Borowsky, R. (2016). Red-hot! How colour and semantic temperature processing interact in a Stroop-like paradigm. Visual Cognition, 24, 173-181.
  • Lorentz, E., McKibben, T., Ekstrand, C., Gould, L., Anton, K. & Borowsky, R. (2016). Disentangling Genuine Semantic Stroop Effects in Reading from Contingency Effects: On the Need for Two Neutral Baselines. Frontiers in Cognitive Science, Special Section on Meaning in Mind - Semantic Richness Effects in Language Processing, 2nd edition (Eds: P.Pexman, P.Siakaluk, M.Yap), 7:386. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00386
  • Ekstrand C., Mickleborough M., Fourney D., Gould L., Lorentz E., Ellchuk T. & Borowsky, R. (2016) Pre-surgical integration of FMRI and DTI of the sensorimotor system in transcortical resection of a high-grade insular astrocytoma. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 10 DOI=10.3389/fnint.2016.00015
  • Gould, L., Mickleborough, M., Wu, A., Tellez, J., Ekstrand, C., Lorentz, E., Ellchuk, T., Babyn, P., & Borowsky, R. (2016) Pre-surgical language mapping in epilepsy: Using fMRI of reading to identify functional reorganization in a patient with long-standing temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior, 5, 6–10
  • Gould, L., McKibben, T., Ekstrand, C., Lorentz, E., & Borowsky, R. (2016). The Beat Goes On: The Effect of Rhythm on Reading Aloud. Language, Cognition & Neuroscience, 31:2, 236-250, DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2015.1089360
  • Mickleborough, M., Ekstrand, C., Gould, L., Lorentz, E., Ellchuk, T., Babyn, P., & Borowsky, R. (2016) Attentional network differences between migraineurs and non-migraine controls: fMRI evidence. Brain Topography, 29, 419-428. published online November 2, 2015. doi: 10.1007/s10548-015-0459-x
  • Lorentz, E., Gould, L., Mickleborough, M., Ekstrand, C., Boyer, M., Cheesman, J. & Borowsky, R. (2015). All in One Fell Stroop: Examining Consciousness Thresholds with a Multiple Response Paradigm. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 2, 111-133 (lead article).
  • Mickleborough, M.J.S., Kelly, M.E., Gould, L., Ekstrand, C., Lorentz, E., Ellchuk, T., Babyn, P. & Borowsky, R. (2015). Inclusion of attentional networks in the pre-surgical neuroimaging assessment of a large deep hemispheric cavernous malformation. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 39: 202-208. doi: 10.1159/000376612.
  • Cummine, J., Dai, W., Borowsky, R., Gould, L., Rollans, C., & Boliek, C.A. (2015). Investigating the ventral-lexical, dorsal-sub-lexical model of basic reading processes using diffusion tensor imaging. Brain Structure and Function, 220, 445-455, published online November 5, 2013 doi: 10.1007/s00429-013-0666-8
  • Anton, K., Gould, L., & Borowsky, R. (2014). Activation of lexical and semantic representations without intention along GPC-sublexical and orthographic-lexical reading pathways in a Stroop paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 40, 623-644. doi: 10.1037/a0035154
  • Borowsky, R., Esopenko, C., Gould, L., Kuhlmann, N., Sarty, G. & Cummine, J. (2013). Localisation of function for noun and verb reading: Converging evidence for shared processing from fMRI activation and reaction time. Language and Cognitive Processes, 28, 789-809. doi: 10.1080/01690965.2012.665466
  • Cummine, J., Gould, L., Zhou, C., Hrybouski, S., Siddiqi, Z., Chouinard, B., & Borowsky, R. (2013). Manipulating instructions strategically affects reliance on the ventral-lexical reading stream: Converging evidence from neuroimaging and reaction time. Brain and Language: Special Issue on the Neural Basis of Reading (Ed: C. Price), 125, 203–214 doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2012.04.009
  • Gould, L., Cummine, J., & Borowsky, R. (2012). The cognitive chronometric architecture of reading aloud: Semantic and lexical effects on naming onset and duration. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience: Special Section on Meaning in Mind - Semantic Richness Effects (Eds: P.Pexman, P.Siakaluk, M.Yap), 6. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00287
  • Esopenko, C., Gould, L., Cummine, J., Sarty, G., Kuhlmann, N., & Borowsky, R. (2012). A neuroanatomical examination of embodied cognition: Semantic generation to action-related stimuli. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience: Special Section on Meaning in Mind - Semantic Richness Effects (Eds: P.Pexman, P.Siakaluk, M.Yap). doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00084
  • Esopenko, C., Crossley, M., Haugrud, N. & Borowsky, R. (2011). Naming and semantic processing of action-related stimuli following right versus left hemispherectomy. Epilepsy & Behavior, 22, 261-271.
  • Farthing, J.P., Krentz, J.R., Magnus, C.R.A., Barss, T.S., Lanovaz, J.L., Cummine, J., Esopenko, C., Sarty, G.E., & Borowsky, R. (2011). Changes in FMRI Cortical Activation with Cross-education to an Immobilized Limb. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43, 1394-1405.
  • Cummine, J., Sarty, G., & Borowsky, R.(2010). Localizing the Frequency X Regularity Word Reading Interaction in the Cerebral Cortex. Neuropsychologia, 48, 2147-2157.
  • Cummine, J., Borowsky, R., Stockdale Winder, F. & Crossley, M. (2009). Basic Reading Skills and Dyslexia: Three Decades Following Right vs. Left Hemispherectomy for Childhood-Onset Intractable Epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior, 15, 470-475.
  • Hall, P.A., Elias, L.J., Fong, G.T., Harrison, A.H., Borowsky, R., & Sarty, G.E. (2008). Neuropsychological and functional anatomical correlates of successful and unsuccessful self-regulation of physical activity behavior, Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30, 432-449.
  • Cummine, J., Borowsky, R., Vakorin, V., Bird, J., & Sarty, G.E. (2008). The Relationship Between Naming Reaction Time and Functional MRI Parameters in Broca’s Area. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 26, 824-834.
  • Esopenko, C., Borowsky, R., Cummine, J., & Sarty, G.E. (2008). Mapping the Semantic Homunculus: A Functional and Behavioural Analysis of Overt Semantic Generation. Brain Topography, 21, 22-35.
  • Borowsky, R. & Esopenko, C., Cummine, J., & Sarty, G.E. (2007). Neural representations of visual words and objects: A functional MRI study on the modularity of reading and object processing. Brain Topography, 20, 89-96.
  • Farthing, J.P., Borowsky, R., Chilibeck, P.D., Binsted, G. & Sarty, G.E. (2007) Neuro-physiological adaptations associated with cross-education of strength. Brain Topography, 20, 77-88.
  • Vakorin, V.A., Krakovska, O.O., Borowsky, R. & Sarty, G.E. (2007). Inferring neural activity from BOLD signals through nonlinear optimization. NeuroImage, 38, 248-260.
  • Vakorin, V.A., Borowsky, R. & Sarty, G.E. (2007). Characterizing the functional MRI response using Tikhonov regularization. Statistics in Medicine, 26, 3830-3844.
  • Farthing, J., Cummine, J., Borowsky, R., Chilibeck, P., Binsted, G. & Sarty, G. (2007). False activation in the brain ventricles related to task-correlated breathing in fMRI speech and motor paradigms. Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine, 20, 157-168.
  • Borowsky, R., Cummine, J., Owen, W.J., Friesen, C.K., Shih, F. & Sarty, G. (2006). FMRI of Ventral and Dorsal Processing Streams in Basic Reading Processes: Insular Sensitivity to Phonology. Brain Topography: Journal of Functional Neurophysiology, 18, 233-239.
  • Borowsky, R. & Besner, D. (2006). Parallel Distributed Processing and Lexical-Semantic Effects in Visual Word Recognition: Are a Few Stages Necessary? Psychological Review, 113, 181-195.
  • Besner, D. & Borowsky, R. (2006). Plaut and Booth's New Simulations: What Have We Learned? (Postscript to Borowsky & Besner, 2006) Psychological Review, 113, 194-195.
  • Borowsky, R., Loehr,J., Friesen,C.K., Kraushaar, G., Kingstone, A. & Sarty, G. (2005). Modularity and Intersection of 'What', 'Where', and 'How' Processing of Visual Stimuli: A New Method of fMRI Localization. Brain Topography: Journal of Functional Neurophysiology. 18, 67-75.
  • Borowsky, R., Owen, W.J., Wile, T.A., Friesen, C.K., Martin, J.L. & Sarty, G.E. (2005). Neuroimaging of Language Processes: FMRI of Silent and Overt Lexical Processing and the Promise of Multiple Process Imaging in Single Brain Studies. Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, 56, 204-213.
  • McDougall, P., Borowsky, R., MacKinnon, G.E., & Hymel, S. (2005). Process Dissociation of Sight Vocabulary and Phonetic Decoding in Reading: A New Perspective on Surface and Phonological Dyslexias. Brain & Language, 92, 185-203.
  • Sarty, G. & Borowsky, R. (2005). Functional MRI Activation Maps from Empirically Defined Curve Fitting. Magnetic Resonance Engineering, 24b, 46-55.
  • Owen, W.J., Borowsky, R., & Sarty, G.E. (2004). FMRI of two measures of phonological processing in visual word recognition: Ecological validity matters. Brain and Language (Mental Lexicon Special Issue), 90, 40-46.
  • Wile, T.L. & Borowsky, R. (2004). What does rapid automatized naming (RAN) measure? A new RAN task compared to naming and lexical decision. Brain & Language (Mental Lexicon Special Issue), 90, 47-62.
  • Owen, W.J. & Borowsky, R. (2003). Examining the interactivity of lexical orthographic and phonological processing. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57, 290-303.
  • Borowsky, R., Owen, W.J., & Masson, M.E.J. (2002). Diagnostics of phonological lexical processing: Pseudohomophone naming advantages, disadvantages, and baseword frequency effects. Memory & Cognition, 30, 969-987.
  • Borowsky, R., Owen, W.J., & Sarty, G.E. (2002). The role of the left hemisphere in motor control of touch: A functional magnetic resonance imaging analysis. Brain & Cognition, 49, 96-101.
  • Borowsky, R. & Besner, D. (2000). Lexical access codes in visual word recognition: Are the joint effects of context and stimulus quality diagnostic? Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54, 196-207.
  • Borowsky, R., Owen, W.J., & Fonos, N. (1999). Reading speech and hearing print: Constraining models of visual word recognition by exploring connections with speech perception. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology (Special Issue: Visual Word Recognition), 53, 294-305.
  • Borowsky, R. & Masson, M.E.J. (1999). Frequency effects and lexical access: On the interpretation of null pseudohomophone base-word frequency effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 25, 270-275.
  • Masson, M.E.J. & Borowsky, R. (1998). More than meets the eye: Context effects on word identification. Memory and Cognition, 26, 1245-1269.
  • Borowsky, R. & Masson, M.E.J. (1996). Semantic ambiguity effects in word-identification. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 22, 63-85.
  • Masson, M.E.J. & Borowsky, R. (1995). Unsettling questions about semantic ambiguity in connectionist models: Comment on Joordens and Besner (1994). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 21, 509-514.
  • Borowsky, R. & Besner, D. (1993). Visual word recognition: A multistage activation model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 19, 813-840.
  • Borowsky, R. & Besner, D. (1991). Visual word recognition across orthographies: On the interaction between context and degradation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 17, 272-276.